รศ.ดร.สกลวรรณ ชาวไชย

Associate Professor Dr.Sakonvan Chawchai

Geochemistry and Paleoclimate

Email Sakonvan.C@chula.ac.th


  • PhD Geological Sciences, Stockholm University (2014)
  • Dipl.-Min. Diplommineraloge/-in, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Germany (2009)
  • BSc Geology, Chulalongkorn University (2006)

Research collaboration

Speleothem Research Group

High-precision mass spectrometry and environment change lab (HISPEC)

MOU coordinator

  1. Eidgenössische Anstalt für Wasserversorgung, Abwasserreinigung und Gewässerschutz (EAWAG), Switzerland
  2. Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  3. Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan
  4. Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an, China

Research Output

Orchid id: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0527-9381
Loop profile: https://loop.frontiersin.org/people/883062/overview
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.co.th/citations?user=YIRud4oAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Book Chapter

  • Finkelstein SA., Gallego-Sala A., Chawchai S., Wüst R. 2023. Long-term peat carbon accumulation. Chapter 2 in Peatlands and Climate Change (Editor: Maria Strack) Scientific Facts and Figures for Decision-Makers, 2nd Edition. International Peat Society. Jyväskylä, December 2023: 414 pp. ISBN 978-952-99401-8-9

List of Publications

  1. Jacobson MJ*, Chawchai S*, Scholz D, Riechelmann DFC, Holmgren K, Vonhof H, et al. Speleothem records from western Thailand indicate an early rapid shift of the Indian summer monsoon during the Younger Dryas termination. Quat Sci Rev. 2024 Apr 15; 330:108597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2024.108597
  2. Kaushal N, Lechleitner FA, Wilhelm M, Azennoud K, Bühler JC, Braun K, et al. SISALv3: a global speleothem stable isotope and trace element database. Earth Syst Sci Data. 2024 Apr 26; 16(4):1933–63. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-16-1933-2024
  3. Wang T, Yao PH, Shen CC, Chawchai S, Torfstein A, Sinha A, et al. Anthropogenically-induced atmospheric Pb cycle in low-latitude Asia since the Industrial Revolution recorded by high-resolution stalagmites. Glob Planet Change. 2024 Jan 1; 232:104337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2023.104337
  4. Nava V, Chandra S, Aherne J, Alfonso MB, Antão-Geraldes AM, Attermeyer K, et al. Plastic debris in lakes and reservoirs. Nature. 2023 Jul;619(7969):317–22. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-06168-4
  5. Leknettip S, Chawchai S*, Choowong M, Mueller D, Fülling A, Preusser F. Sand ridges from the coastal zone of southern Thailand reflect late quaternary sea-level history and environmental conditions in Sundaland. Quat Sci Rev. 2023 Sep 15; 316:108264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2023.108264
  6. Lan J, Cheng J, Chawchai S*, Liu X, Cheng P, Liu Y, et al. Fundamental Shift From Summer to Winter of Holocene Rainfall Regime in the Tropics. Geophys Res Lett. 2023;50(13): e2023GL102909. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023GL102909
  7. Ballian A, Chawchai S*, Miocic JM*, Charoenchatree W, Bissen R, Preusser F. Late Holocene coastal dynamics south of the Chanthaburi estuary, eastern Gulf of Thailand. Quat Res. 2023 Jul 27;1–11. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2023.34
  8. Rattana P, Choowong M, He MY, Tan L, Lan J, Bissen R, Chawchai S*. Geochemistry of evaporitic deposits from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) Maha Sarakham Formation in the Khorat Basin, northeastern Thailand. Cretac Res. 2022 Feb 1; 130:104986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2021.104986
  9. Miocic JM*, Sah R, Chawchai S*, Surakiatchai P, Choowong M, Preusser F. High resolution luminescence chronology of coastal dune deposits near Chumphon, Western Gulf of Thailand. Aeolian Res. 2022 Jun 1; 56:100797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2022.100797
  10. Maneenoi N, Bissen R*, Chawchai S. Influence of admixtures on the performance of soundless chemical demolition agents and implications for their utilization. J Sustain Min. 2022 Jun 22; 21(2):93–111. https://doi.org/10.46873/2300-3960.1350
  11. Kongsen S, Phantuwongraj S, Choowong M, Chawchai S, Udomsak S, Chansom C, et al. Multi-proxy approach to identify the origin of high energy coastal deposits from Laem Son National Park, Andaman Sea of Thailand. Quat Int. 2022 Jul 10; 625: 82–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2022.04.017
  12. Yamoah KA, Chabangborn A, Chawchai S, Fritz S, Löwemark L, Kaboth-Bahr S, et al. A muted El Niño-like condition during late MIS 3. Quat Sci Rev. 2021 Feb 15; 254: 106782. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106782
  13. Thepwilai S, Wangritthikraikul K, Chawchai S*, Bissen R*. Testing the factors controlling the numbers of microplastics on beaches along the western Gulf of Thailand. Mar Pollut Bull. 2021 Jul 1; 168: 112467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112467
  14. Rodtassana C, Unawong W, Yaemphum S, Chanthorn W, Chawchai S, Nathalang A, et al. Different responses of soil respiration to environmental factors across forest stages in a Southeast Asian Forest. Ecol Evol. 2021;11(21):15430–43. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8248
  15. Loisel J, Gallego-Sala AV, Amesbury MJ, Magnan G, Anshari G, Beilman DW, et al. Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink. Nat Clim Change. 2021 Jan;11(1):70–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-00944-0
  16. Liu G, He S, Wong ML, Zou Y, He H, Chongyi E, Chawchai S. et al. Tropical Pacific Forcing of Hydroclimate in the Source Area of the Yellow River. Geophys Res Lett. 2021;48(23): e2021GL095876. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL095876
  17. Kongsen S, Phantuwongraj S, Choowong M, Chawchai S, Chaiwongsaen N, Fuengfu S, et al. Barrier Island Sediments Reveal Storm Surge and Fluvial Flood Events in the Past Centuries at Thua Thien Hue, Central Vietnam. Front Ecol Evol. 2021; 9:747. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2021.746143
  18. Chawchai S*, Tan L, Löwemark L, Wang HC, Yu TL, Chung YC, et al. Hydroclimate variability of central Indo-Pacific region during the Holocene. Quat Sci Rev. 2021 Feb 1; 253:106779. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106779
  19. Srisunthon P, Chawchai S*. Land-Use Changes and the Effects of Oil Palm Expansion on a Peatland in Southern Thailand. Front Earth Sci. 2021 Jan 20; 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.559868
  20. Rattanawong T, Bissen R, Kumpairoh W, Chawchai S*. Geochemical Characteristics of Three Hot Springs from Western Thailand. Appl Environ Res. 2020 Apr 13;42(1):101–13. https://doi.org/10.35762/AER.2020.42.1.8
  21. Liu G, Li X, Chiang HW, Cheng H, Yuan S, Chawchai S, et al. On the glacial-interglacial variability of the Asian monsoon in speleothem δ18O records. Sci Adv. 2020 Feb 1;6(7): eaay8189. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.aay8189
  22. Lan J, Zhang J, Cheng P, Ma X, Ai L, Chawchai S, et al. Late Holocene hydroclimatic variation in central Asia and its response to mid-latitude Westerlies and solar irradiance. Quat Sci Rev. 2020 Jun 15; 238:106330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106330
  23. Lan J, Wang T, Chawchai S, Cheng P, Zhou K, Yu K, et al. Time marker of 137Cs fallout maximum in lake sediments of Northwest China. Quat Sci Rev. 2020 Aug 1; 241:106413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106413
  24. Comas-Bru L, Rehfeld K, Roesch C, Amirnezhad-Mozhdehi S, Harrison SP, Atsawawaranunt K, et al. SISALv2: a comprehensive speleothem isotope database with multiple age–depth models. Earth Syst Sci Data. 2020 Oct 27;12(4):2579–606. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2579-2020
  25. Chawchai S*, Liu G, Bissen R, Scholz D, Riechelmann DFC, Vonhof H, et al. Hydroclimate variability of western Thailand during the last 1400 years. Quat Sci Rev. 2020 Aug 1; 241:106423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106423
  26. Bissen R*, Chawchai S. Microplastics on beaches along the eastern Gulf of Thailand – A preliminary study. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020 Aug 1; 157:111345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111345
  27. Tan L*, Shen CC*, Löwemark L, Chawchai S, Edwards RL, Cai Y, et al. Rainfall variations in central Indo-Pacific over the past 2,700 y. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2019 Aug 27;116(35):17201–6. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1903167116
  28. Puttagan T, Chawchai S*, Surakiatchai P, Chalorsantisakul S, Preusser F. Luminescence dating of brick constructions being part of Songkhla City Wall, Southern Thailand. Archaeol Anthropol Sci. 2019 Oct 1;11(10):5393–403. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00878-5
  29. Comas-Bru L, Harrison SP, Werner M, Rehfeld K, Scroxton N, Veiga-Pires C, et al. Evaluating model outputs using integrated global speleothem records of climate change since the last glacial. Clim Past. 2019 Aug 9;15(4):1557–79. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1557-2019
  30. Surakiatchai P, Choowong M, Charusiri P, Charoentitirat T, Chawchai S, Pailoplee S, et al. Paleogeographic Reconstruction and History of the Sea Level Change at Sam Roi Yot National Park, Gulf of Thailand. Trop Nat Hist. 2018 Sep 29; 18(2):112–34. https://li01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnh/article/view/148171
  31. Dubois N, Saulnier-Talbot É, Mills K, Gell P, Battarbee R, Bennion H, Chawchai S, et al. First human impacts and responses of aquatic systems: A review of palaeolimnological records from around the world. Anthr Rev. 2018 Apr 1;5(1):28–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053019617740365
  32. Chawchai S*, Liu G, Bissen R, Jankham K, Paisonjumlongsri W, Kanjanapayont P, et al. Stalagmites from western Thailand: preliminary investigations and challenges for palaeoenvironmental research. Boreas. 2018;47(1):367–76. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12299
  33. Chawchai S*, Bissen R. Understanding the Weathering Process of Antimony Minerals: Case Study Sb-Mine Sulzburg, Black Forest, Germany. Appl Environ Res. 2018 Apr 23; 40(2):1–16. https://doi.org/10.35762/AER.2018.40.2.1
  34. Atsawawaranunt K, Comas-Bru L, Amirnezhad Mozhdehi S, Deininger M, Harrison SP, Baker A, et al. The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems. Earth Syst Sci Data. 2018 Sep 14; 10(3):1687–713. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1687-2018
  35. Yamoah KA, Higham CF, Wohlfarth B, Chabangborn A, Chawchai S, Schenk F, et al. Societal response to monsoonal fluctuations in NE Thailand during the demise of Angkor Civilisation. The Holocene. 2017 Oct 1;27(10):1455–64. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683617693900
  36. Yamoah KKA, Chabangborn A, Chawchai S, Väliranta M, Wohlfarth B, Smittenberg RH. Large variability in n-alkane δ13C values in Lake Pa Kho (Thailand) driven by wetland wetness and aquatic productivity. Org Geochem. 2016 Jul 1; 97:53–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2016.04.008
  37. Yamoah KA, Chabangborn A, Chawchai S, Schenk F, Wohlfarth B, Smittenberg RH. A 2000-year leaf wax-based hydrogen isotope record from Southeast Asia suggests low frequency ENSO-like teleconnections on a centennial timescale. Quat Sci Rev. 2016 Sep 15; 148:44–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.07.002
  38. Wohlfarth B, Higham C, Yamoah KA, Chabangborn A, Chawchai S, Smittenberg RH. Human adaptation to mid- to late-Holocene climate change in Northeast Thailand. The Holocene. 2016 Nov 1; 26(11):1875–86. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683616645947
  39. Chawchai S, Yamoah KA, Smittenberg RH, Kurkela J, Väliranta M, Chabangborn A, et al. Lake Kumphawapi revisited – The complex climatic and environmental record of a tropical wetland in NE Thailand. The Holocene. 2016 Apr 1;26(4):614–26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683615612565
  40. Chawchai S*, Kylander ME, Chabangborn A, Löwemark L, Wohlfarth B. Testing commonly used X-ray fluorescence core scanning-based proxies for organic-rich lake sediments and peat. Boreas. 2016; 45(1):180–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12145
  41. Chawchai S*, Chabangborn A, Fritz S, Väliranta M, Mörth CM, Blaauw M, et al. Hydroclimatic shifts in northeast Thailand during the last two millennia – the record of Lake Pa Kho. Quat Sci Rev. 2015 Mar 1; 111:62–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.01.007
  42. Chawchai S*, Chabangborn A, Kylander M, Löwemark L, Mörth CM, Blaauw M, et al. Lake Kumphawapi – an archive of Holocene palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic changes in northeast Thailand. Quat Sci Rev. 2013 May 15; 68:59–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.01.030
  43. Wohlfarth B, Klubseang W, Inthongkaew S, Fritz SC, Blaauw M, Reimer PJ, Chabangborn A, Löwemark L, Chawchai S. Holocene environmental changes in northeast Thailand as reconstructed from a tropical wetland. Glob Planet Change. 2012 Jul 1; 92–93:148–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.05.008